The Politics of Nationalism in Modern Iran (Cambridge Middle

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Anarchists reject the liberal notion thatpolitical authority arises from voluntary agreement, through some form of ‘social contract’, andargue instead that individuals become subject to state authority either by being born in aparticular country or through conquest. We will, to be sure, obtain equal rights, but do you think that from that moment on we will live a life of peace and quiet and enjoy all the rights that were given EMANCIPATION AND EMIGRATION 235 us on paper?

Against Orthodoxy: Studies in Nationalism

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Proponents of instrumentalist theories view ethnicity as something that can be changed, constructed or even manipulated to gain specific political and/or economic ends. [43] Elite theory, which argues that the leaders in a modern state (the elite) use and manipulate perceptions of ethnic identity to further their own ends and stay in power is an approach advocated by scholars Abner Cohen, Paul Brass and Ted Gurr, Ethnicity is created in the dynamics of elite competition within the boundaries determined by political and economic realities� and ethnic groups are to be seen as a product of political myths, created and manipulated by culture elites in their pursuit of advantages and power. [44] In his anthropological research on New York Chinatown, Enoch Wan has found that the �Chinese ethnicity� of this immigrant community is circumstantial, flexible, fluid and instrumental. [45] Isaijw describes this group of theories like this, Theoretically, this approach lies somewhere between Michel Foucault�s emphasis on construction of the metaphor and Pierre Bourdieu�s notions of practice and habitus as the basic factors shaping the structure of all social phenomena.

Understanding Ideology

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We must allow in refugees without first dissecting their loyalties, regardless of what the Constitution has to say in the matter. We shall reach our goal by imitating the pro- cedure of the geologist, who divides the mass of the earth into its several strata or formations. Slovenia’s exit from the Yugoslav federal state was driven by fears of being subordinated in a Yugoslavia dominated by Serbia. In Italy and Germany a movement came to power that sought to create national unity through the repression of national enemies and the incorporation of all classes and both genders into a permanently mobilized nation. [25] Although the modern consensus sees Nazism as a type or offshoot of fascism, some scholars, such as Gilbert Allardyce and A.

Prophecy and Politics: Socialism, Nationalism, and the

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They "overreached" on Iraq for years, when regime-changing preemption on such a scale was unprecedented. NŸsse argues that the increased strength of Islamic movements is a reaction against the evils of modern society. Maybe nationalism’s glorification of leader gave rise to a post-colonial cult of personality. The government undertook a low-key laissez-faire program; the tax system was restructured (February 1925 law, June 23, 1927 decree-law, etc.), there were attempts to attract foreign investment and establish trade agreements, and efforts were made to balance the budget and cut subsidies.

[ { GENDER, NATIONALISM, AND WAR: CONFLICT ON THE MOVIE

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Rethinking Nationalism in the Arab Middle East A series of cartoons in al-Kashkul depicted Egypt as a woman. and mixes with men.org/book/jankowski/jank06. We are dealing here with a system: each of several variables is in a relationship of mutual influence with others. And regardless of what are our personal attitudes, on concrete situations, we must agree that if the fact does not coincide with the theory, one or both must be modified; and if they both continue unmodified alongside of each other, confusion results.

Black Power: Strategies For Achieving And Utilizing Power In

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The Chronicle figure of 218 years, however, has been questioned. This faction became the Tory Party in 1784 and finally adopted the label “Conservative” after 1831. Although the term ‘feminism’ may be of recent origin, feminist views have been expressed inmany different cultures and can be traced back as far as the ancient civilizations of Greece andChina. The main content of the entire life of the people was thus usually reduced to a history of literature, on the one hand, and to a martyrol- 338 NATIONALISM AND HISTORY ogy on the other.

Nazarbayev and the Making of Kazakhstan: From Communism to

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In Catalonia as in Valencia, the working class is now completely excluded from power: It has lost the power. In essence, so the case ran, Jews in Eastern Europe constituted one historically rooted nationality among many in the multinational states of the region and there they legitimately belonged. Furthermore, it deals with various contemporary figures, e.g. One critic declared that her works would be read "with disgust by every female who has any pretensions to delicacy; with detestation by every one attached to the interests of religion and morality" (Miriam Brody, ed., Mary Wollstonecraft, A Vindication of the Rights of Women, [London: Penguin Books, 1992], 2, citing the Historical Magazine, [1799], 1:34).

Indian Women and Nationalism: The U.P. Story

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A central ruling committee within the party governs debate (allowing or disallowing it) and essentially establishes the "line" the party follows. This was coupled with an alliance and hostile takeover of the political right. These changes are fueling a clash between the ideas of free-market and consumer-based neo-liberals and those of human rights and environmental educators. Theocracy Literally, rule by God; the principle that religious authorityshould prevail over political authority, usually through the domination of church over state.

The New White Nationalism in America: Its Challenge to

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One more bit of iconography that may serve to reinforce that point: The "Roman" salute is generally said to have been invented by Mussolini but Musso was a Marxist who knew Lenin well so it is not surprising that Stalin was influenced by Musso's ideas for a while. In this view, a nation is a cultural group, one that may have a shared origin, with loyalties to a common political state. Moore (ed.), National Self-Determination and Secession (Oxford University Press, 1998), pp. 233–65.

Church and nationalism in South Africa

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Ideology is therefore inherently repressive, even totalitarian; its prime examples arecommunism and fascism. Government arises out of the agreement, or consent, ofthe governed. Marx believed that this revolution would be followed by atemporary period called the ‘dictatorship of the proletariat’, during which the revolution wouldneed to be protected against the danger of counter-revolution carried out by the dispossessedbourgeoisie.